Racism Has Grown Since 2008

Disappointing, but not surprising. 

Racism is alive and well–and it’s gotten worse. Explicit and implicit surveys showed 51% to 56% of Americans showed prejudice against blacks. The jump in explicit racism was 3%; implicit racism was seven percentage points higher than in 2008–nearly 2% growth per year. (Hispanics fared even worse, with 57% of Americans biased against them, but there are no previous survey results for the group.)

Implicit Racism

The same respondents were also administered a survey designed to measure implicit racism, in which a photo of a black, Hispanic or white male flashed on the screen before a neutral image of a Chinese character. The respondents were then asked to rate their feelings toward the Chinese character. Previous research has shown that people transfer their feelings about the photo onto the character, allowing researchers to measure racist feelings even if a respondent does not acknowledge them.

Explicit Racism

The explicit racism measures asked respondents whether they agreed or disagreed with a series of statements about black and Hispanic people. In addition, the surveys asked how well respondents thought certain words, such as “friendly,” “hardworking,” “violent” and “lazy,” described blacks, whites and Hispanics.

The surveys used males for each race; no females were shown. I would like to see this test given to measure explicit and implicit sexism, although I dread the results, which I fear would be even higher. Sexism is not only alive and well, it’s a revered–even celebrated–conservative political stance.

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